Bacon's cipher, a method of steganography (hiding a secret message), is devised by Sir Francis Bacon.
John Napier publishes his work Mirifici Logarithmorum Canonis Descriptio introducing the concept of logarithms which simplifies mathematical calculations.
The first navigable submarine is designed by William Bourne and built by Dutchman Cornelius Drebbel.
Early experiments in water desalination are conducted by Sir Francis Bacon.
Anchor escapement for clock making is invented by Robert Hooke.
A tin can telephone is devised by Robert Hooke.
The first commercial steam-powered device, a water pump, is developed by Thomas Savery.
The Watt steam engine was conceived in 1765. James Watt transformed the steam engine from a reciprocating motion that was used for pumping to a rotating motion suited to industrial applications. Watt and others significantly improved the efficiency of the steam engine.
An improved seed drill is designed by Jethro Tull. It is used to spread seeds around a field with a rotating handle which makes seed planting a lot easier.
The first practical steam engine is designed by Thomas Newcomen.
The Rotherham plough, the first plough to be widely built in factories and commercially successful, is patented by Joseph Foljambe.
Andrew Rodger invents the winnowing machine.
The first electrostatic motors are developed by Andrew Gordon in the 1740s.
The earliest known reference to baseball is made in a publication, A Little Pretty Pocket-Book, by John Newbery. It contains a rhymed description of "base-ball" and a woodcut that shows a field set-up somewhat similar to the modern game—though in a triangular rather than diamond configuration, and with posts instead of ground-level bases.
Invention of hollow-pipe drainage is credited to Sir Hugh Dalrymple who died in 1753.
James Small advances the design of the plough using mathematical methods to improve on the Scotch plough of James Anderson of Hermiston.
Adam Ferguson (1767), often known as ‘The Father of Modern Sociology’, publishes his work An Essay on the History of Civil Society.
Scottish economist Adam Smith, often known as 'The father of modern economics', publishes his seminal text The Wealth of Nations.
The Watt steam engine, conceived in 1765, goes into production. It is the first type of steam engine to make use of steam at a pressure just above atmospheric.
The Iron Bridge, the first arch bridge made of cast iron, is built by Abraham Darby III.
A pioneer of selective breeding and artificial selection, Robert Bakewell, forms the Dishley Society to promote and advance the interests of livestock breeders.
The threshing machine is invented by Andrew Meikle.
Edward Jenner invents the first vaccine.
A trial model of a part of the Analytical Engine, first described by Charles Babbage in 1837
Sir Humphry Davy creates the first incandescent light by passing a current from a battery, at the time the world's most powerful, through a thin strip of platinum.
The world's first locomotive-hauled railway journey is made by Richard Trevithick's steam locomotive.
Alexander John Forsyth invents percussion ignition, the foundation of modern firearms.
Robert Salmon patents the first haymaking machine.
Charles Babbage proposes the idea for a Difference engine, an automatic mechanical calculator designed to tabulate polynomial functions, in a paper to the Royal Astronomical Society entitled "Note on the application of machinery to the computation of astronomical and mathematical tables".
An improved system of soil drainage is developed by James Smith.
William Sturgeon invents the electromagnet.
A mechanical reaping machine is invented by Patrick Bell.
Electromagnetic induction, the operating principle of transformers and nearly all modern electric generators, is discovered by Michael Faraday.
Scotsman James Bowman Lindsay invents the incandescent light bulb.
The Marsh test for detecting arsenic poisoning is developed by James Marsh.
Charles Babbage describes an Analytical Engine, the first mechanical, general-purpose programmable computer.
The Cooke and Wheatstone telegraph, first commercially successful electric telegraph, is designed by Sir Charles Wheatstone and Sir William Fothergill Cooke.
A pedal bicycle is invented by Kirkpatrick Macmillan.
Sir Rowland Hill reforms the postal system with Uniform Penny Post and introduces the first postage stamp, the Penny Black, on 1 May.
Alexander Bain patents his design produced the prior year for an electric clock.
Superphosphate, the first chemical fertiliser, is patented by John Bennet Lawes.
SS Great Britain, the world's first steam-powered, screw propeller-driven passenger liner with an iron hull is launched. Designed by Isambard Kingdom Brunel, it was at the time the largest ship afloat.
Alexander Bain (inventor) patents a design for a facsimile machine.
A design for a chemical telegraph is patented by Alexander Bain. Bain's telegraph is installed on the wires of the Electric Telegraph Company on one line. Later, in 1850, it was used in America by Henry O'Reilly.
Boolean algebra, the basis for digital logic, is introduced by George Boole in his book The Mathematical Analysis of Logic.
Improvements to the facsimile machine are demonstrated by Frederick Bakewell at the 1851 World's Fair in London.
A steam-driven ploughing engine is invented by John Fowler.
English physician Alexander Wood develops a medical hypodermic syringe with a needle fine enough to pierce the skin.
The Playfair cipher, the first literal digraph substitution cipher, is invented by Charles Wheatstone and later promoted for use by Lord Playfair.
Mushet steel, the first commercial steel alloy, is invented by Robert Forester Mushet.
Thomas Humber develops a bicycle design with the pedals driving the rear wheel.
The first manually operated gas-lamp traffic lights are installed outside the Houses of Parliament on 10 December.
A bicycle design is developed by Thomas McCall.
Discovery of the photoconductivity of the element selenium by Willoughby Smith. This led to the invention of photoelectric cells (solar panels), including those used in the earliest television systems.
Scotsman Alexander Graham Bell patents the telephone in the U.S.
The first safety bicycle is designed by the English engineer Harry John Lawson (also called Henry). Unlike the penny-farthing, the rider's feet were within reach of the ground, making it safer to stop.
Demonstration of an incandescent light bulb by Joseph Wilson Swan.
The Fresno scraper, which became a model for modern earth movers, is invented in California by Scottish emigrant James Porteous.
The light switch is invented by John Holmes.
The first commercially successful safety bicycle, called the Rover, is designed by John Kemp Starley. The following year Dan Albone produces a derivative of this called the Ivel Safety cycle.
Walter Parry Haskett Smith, often called the Father of Rock Climbing in Britain, completes his first ascent of the Napes Needle, solo and without any protective equipment.
Sir Francis Galton devises a method for classifying fingerprints that proved useful in forensic science.
The world's first wireless station is established on the Isle of Wight.
A Colossus computer, developed by British codebreakers in 1943-1945
The first wireless signal across the Atlantic is sent from Cornwall in England and received in Newfoundland in Canada (a distance of 2,100 miles) by Italian scientist Guglielmo Marconi.
The first commercially successful light farm tractor is patented by Dan Albone.
Henry Joseph Round discovers electroluminescence, the principle behind LEDs.
American Samuel Franklin Cody makes the first official flight of a piloted heavier-than-air machine in Britain.
The first formal driving school, the British School of Motoring, is founded in London.
Frank Barnwell establishes the fundamentals of aircraft design at the University of Glasgow, having made the first powered flight in Scotland the previous year.
The Royal Air Force becomes the first independent air force in the world
In Sorbonne, France, Englishman Edwin Belin demonstrates a mechanical scanning device, an early precursor to modern television.
John Logie Baird makes the first public demonstration of a mechanical television on 26 January (the first successful transmissions were in early 1923 and February 1924). Later, in July 1928, he demonstrated the first colour television.
The jet engine is patented by Sir Frank Whittle.
The Anglepoise lamp is patented by George Carwardine, a design consultant specialising in vehicle suspension systems.
The Cat's eye road marking is invented by Percy Shaw and patented the following year.
English economist John Maynard Keynes publishes his work The General Theory of Employment, Interest and Money which challenged the established classical economics and led to the Keynesian Revolution in the way economists thought.
The world's first public broadcasts of high-definition television are made from Alexandra Palace, North London, by the BBC Television Service. It is the first fully electronic television system to be used in regular broadcasting.
First available in the London area, the 999 telephone number is introduced as the world's first emergency telephone service.
The initial design of the Bombe, an electromechanical device to assist with the deciphering of messages encrypted by the Enigma machine, is produced by Alan Turing at the Government Code and Cypher School (GC&CS).
Colossus computer begines working, the world's first electronic digital programmable computer.
The Manchester Mark 1 computer, significant because of its pioneering inclusion of index registers, ran its first programme error free. Its chief designers are Freddie Williams and Tom Kilburn.
The concept of microprogramming is developed by Maurice Wilkes from the realisation that the Central Processing Unit (CPU) of a computer could be controlled by a miniature, highly specialised computer program in high-speed ROM.
LEO is the first business application (a payroll system) on an electronic computer.
Autocode, regarded as the first compiled programming language, is developed for the Manchester Mark 1 by Alick Glennie.
Englishman Francis Crick and American James Watson of Cavendish Laboratory in Cambridge, analyise X-ray crystallography data taken by Rosalind Franklin of King's College, to decipher the double helical structure of DNA. They share the 1962 Nobel Prize in Medicine for their work.
The first accurate atomic clock, a caesium standard based on a certain transition of the caesium-133 atom, is built by Louis Essen at the National Physical Laboratory. This clock enabled further development of general relativity, and started a basis for an enhanced SI unit system.
Metrovick 950, the first commercial transistor computer, is built by the Metropolitan-Vickers company.
High strength carbon fibre is invented by engineers at the Royal Aircraft Establishment.
The Lava lamp is invented by British accountant Edward Craven Walker.
The first theory of the Higgs boson is put forward by Peter Higgs, a particle-physics theorist at the University of Edinburgh, and five other physicists. The particle is discovered in 2012 at CERN's Large Hadron Collider and its existence is confirmed in 2013.
A pioneer of the development of dairy farming systems, Rex Paterson, set out his principles for labour management.
The cash machine and personal identification number system are patented by James Goodfellow.
The first carbon fibre fabric in the world is weaved in Stockport, England.
One of the first handheld televisions, the MTV-1, is developed by Sir Clive Sinclair.
Clifford Cocks develops the algorithm for the RSA cipher while working at the Government Communications Headquarters, approximately three years before it was independently developed by Rivest, Shamir and Adleman at MIT. The British government declassified the 1973 invention in 1997.
Steptoe and Edwards successfully carried out a pioneering conception which resulted in the birth of the world's first baby to be conceived by IVF, Louise Brown on 25 July 1978, in Oldham General Hospital, Greater Manchester, UK.
The tree shelter is invented by Graham Tuley to protect tree seedlings.
One of the first laptop computers, the GRiD Compass, is designed by Bill Moggridge.
DNA profiling is discovered by Sir Alec Jeffreys at the University of Leicester.
One of the world's first computer games to use 3D graphics, Elite, is developed by David Braben and Ian Bell.
Sir Tim Berners-Lee writes a proposal for what will become the World Wide Web. The following year, he specified HTML, the hypertext language, and HTTP, the protocol.
The Touchpad pointing device is first developed for Psion computers.
A patent for an iris recognition algorithm is filed by John Daugman while working at the University of Cambridge which became the basis of all publicly deployed iris recognition systems.
The source code for the world's first web browser, called WorldWideWeb (later renamed Nexus to avoid confusion with the World Wide Web), is released into the public domain by Sir Tim Berners-Lee.
The first SMS message in the world is sent over the UK's GSM network.
The world's first national DNA database is developed.
Animal cloning, a female domestic sheep became the first mammal cloned from an adult somatic cell, by scientists at the Roslin institute.
Scottish scientists at the Roslin Institute in Edinburgh, produce the first mammal cloned from an adult cell.
The ThrustSSC jet-propelled car, designed and built in England, sets the land speed record.
Beagle 2, a British landing spacecraft that forms part of the European Space Agency's 2003 Mars Express mission lands on the surface of Mars but fails to communicate. It is located twelve years later in a series of images from NASA's Mars Reconnaissance Orbiter that suggest two of Beagle's four solar panels failed to deploy, blocking the spacecraft's communications antenna.
Graphene is isolated from graphite at the University of Manchester by Andre Geim and Konstantin Novoselov.
The design for a machine to lay rail track, the "Trac Rail Transposer", is patented and goes on to be used by Network Rail in the United Kingdom and the New York City Subway in the United States.
Raspberry Pi, a single-board computer, is launched and quickly becomes popular for education in programming and computer science.
The European Space Agency's Philae lander leaves the Rosetta spacecraft and makes the first ever landing on a comet. The Philae lander was built with significant British expertise and technology, alongside that of several other countries.
so why do we still have third world industries in Britain?
If we learn from our mistakes, why aint I a genius, If you educate the masses where's the advantage for the few?
Go back to the 80's and the Thatcher era when the old cow wrecked our industries rather than streamlining them and making them more efficientand rebuilding them to profitability.
She was a paranoid confrontationalist who didn't give a toss about the country unless they were rich merchant bankers